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  • 在線留言|聯系青島琴行|收藏青島琴行|網站地圖登錄注冊

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    怎樣更好的練好鋼琴

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    掃一掃!怎樣更好的練好鋼琴掃一掃!
    瀏覽:- 發布日期:2018-09-13 15:27:36【

    怎樣更好的練好鋼琴?

    先舉一個郎朗的列子,從7歲上小學開始,郎朗的作息時間表就是這樣的:

    正一琴行郎朗


    時間表

    周一 ~ 周五

    早晨5:45起床,練一小時琴;

    7:00上學,中午回家吃飯15分鐘,練琴45分鐘;

    放學后,練兩小時琴;

    吃晚飯,有機會看動畫片,晚飯后,練兩小時琴;

    做作業。

    每天近6個小時練琴!

    一到節假日和寒暑假就加倍練習,每天的時間幾乎全部被鋼琴占據!

    做一個略顯夸張的假設,像郎朗這樣堅定的練琴時間表,放在任何一個正常人身上,都有可能成為下一個“郎朗”。

    佛羅里達州立大學的心理學家安德斯·艾利克森也發現了這個規律,他研究了一系列行業或領域中的專家級人物:國際象棋大師、頂尖小提琴家、運動明星、記憶高手、拼字冠軍、杰出醫生等,發現不論在什么行業或領域,提高技能與能力的最有效方法全都遵循一系列普遍原則,他將這種通用方法命名為“刻意練習”。


    “天才”背后的秘密:刻意練習


    正一琴行練習鋼琴


    什么是刻意練習?在鋼琴學習中,刻意練習有什么重要性呢?

    刻意練習就是“科學而又高效的訓練”,真正的練習不是為了完成運動量,其精髓是要持續地做自己做不好的事。

    刻意練習強調只在“學習區”練習、大量重復訓練、持續獲得有效的反饋、精神高度集中

    下面我們具體了解一下刻意練習,以及在鋼琴學習中我們如何更好地運用它。


    正一琴行

    只在“學習區”練習

    心理學家把人的知識和技能分為嵌套的三個圓形區域:最內一層是“舒適區”,是我們已經熟練掌握的各種技能;最外一層是“恐慌區”,是我們暫時沒有學會的技能,二者中間則是“學習區”。

    只有在學習區里面練習,一個人才可能進步。有效的練習任務必須“學習區”內進行,要有精確的針對性。這就要求個人對自身又一個非常可觀的了解,或者有一個好的老師/教練,從旁觀者的角度發現我們最需要改進的地方。


    結合鋼琴學習:不要止于練習喜歡熟悉的曲目,還要不斷嘗試不會的和高難度的曲目。走出鋼琴彈奏的舒適區,邁入學習區,探索恐慌區。


    正一琴行練琴

    大量重復訓練

    從不會到會,秘訣是重復。

    這種把不常見的高難度事件重復化正是MBA課程的精髓。商學院教授商業決策的最好辦法不是觀察老板每個月做兩次決策,而是讓學生每周做20次模擬的決策。

    在軍事學院的模擬戰中,飛行員要在計算機上多次模擬各種罕見的空中險情。

    在音樂訓練中,比較強調“分塊”的大量練習。首先你要把整個動作或者整首曲子過一遍,看專家是怎么做的。然后把它分解為很多小塊,一塊一塊地學習掌握,進行大量重復的訓練。


    結合鋼琴學習:對于已經學會的曲目,還要進一步地練習,由學會到熟練,由熟練到優秀,最后再到有個人的理解。

    舊曲常彈常新,百遍之后你會發現,此時這首曲目在你這里已經有了升華,加入了你個人的感情和理解。



    琴行練琴

    持續獲得有效的反饋

    傳道,授業,解惑,老師和教練最大的用處是什么?也許對一般人來說老師最大的作用是激發了他學習的興趣,教會了他什么東西。而對于真正的高手而言,老師和教練的最重要作用是提供即時的反饋。

    一個動作做得好與不好,最好有老師/教練隨時指出,本人才能夠隨時了解練習結果。如果只是應付了事,你不但不會變好,而且會對好壞不再關心,看不到結果的練習等于沒有練習。

    與外行想象的不同,最好的老師或教練從不發表什么激情演說,他們只給學生非常具體的即時反饋。他們是絕對的因材施教,源源不斷地提供高度具有針對性的具體指導。


    結合鋼琴學習:建立個人練習過程中的成長簿,在學習過程中及時回顧常犯錯誤,并跟進調整情況。

    選擇優秀的鋼琴老師,針對老師提出的問題及時改正并反饋,請老師進行跟蹤指導



    青島正一琴行

    精神高度集中

    精神高度集中、目的明確時,腦細胞處于高度活躍狀態,大腦皮層形成興奮中心而注意力格外集中,接受外來信息會相對主動,大腦皮層留下的痕跡也非常清晰深刻。

    曾經有個著名音樂家說過,如果你是練習手指,你可以練一整天;可是如果你是練習腦子,你每天能練兩個小時就不錯了。因為人類能精神高度集中的時間不會超過兩個小時。

    專注地練習一兩個小時,會比你毫無效率地練習一天的效果都明顯。所以每當練習的時候要盡量提高個人的專注力。


    結合鋼琴學習:在個人單獨練習的過程中,盡量避免他人的打擾,把手機調靜音,拒絕三心二意。

    每次練琴精神高度集中的時間設定為1~2小時,其余時間練琴強度可放緩;節假日整天的練習時,要注意勞逸結合,設定適當的休息時間。


    正一琴行


    14歲的莫扎特為什么能夠在教堂聽到一首多聲部經文演唱之后便可以將它默寫下來呢?這全部歸功于天賦嗎?當然不全是!要知道,他在6歲的時候,就已經完成了3500個科學又高效的刻意練習

    有的人瞬間記住幾百個隨機數字,開平方比計算器還快,一秒內說出某個日子是周幾;有的人入行1年就獲得世界跳高冠軍,同時和26人下盲棋,14歲即成為世界象棋大師……

    當所有人都以為他們的“杰出”源于“天賦”,“天才”卻說:我的成就源于“正確的練習”!


    在鋼琴學習中

    意練習的重要性也就不言而喻了

    為了更好的明天

    大家加油鴨!


     

    青島琴行





    聯系我們400-176-9871

    地址:青島市寧夏路268號(青島市公安出入境管理局旁邊)


    拉菲2彩票
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